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Apex Storage Limited - Pallet Racking - Birmingham, Sheffield, Wigan 

 


Pallets and Pallet Types

Pallet Racking is designed to accommodate products of various shapes and sizes supported on pallets. The design of the pallet directly influences the design of the racking.

Pallets allow products to be moved mechanically; by FLT's (fork lift trucks, hand pallet trucks, stacker cranes and conveyor systems. The top face of the pallet can be open or close boarded with provision for forks created by either blocks or bearers. The gap created is generally around 110mm.

Generally pallets stored on racking have to be good quality pallets (GKN Chep or simillar) with a perimeter base. Poor quality (one way) pallets are usually not strong enought o support the product on pallet racking and either timber decks or pallet support bars are required.

Standard Pallet Sizes

The most common pallet sizes used in the UK are:

  • 1200 x 1000mm with fork entry on the 1200mm face
  • 1000 x 1200mm with fork entry on the 1000mm face and
  • 800 x 1200mm with fork entry on the 800mm face

Two-Way or Four-Way Entry Pallets?

Pallets are generally described as two-way entry or four-way entry pallets. Pallets accessed from two sides are two-way entry pallets whilst pallets accessed from all four sides are four-way entry pallets.

The construction of the pallet dictates whether it is two or four-way entry. A two-way pallet has solid bearers that prevent access from the sides of the pallet. A four-way pallet has bearers, or blocks, in each corner that enables access from either end or the sides of the pallet. The sides of a four-way , through which the load of the pallet truck can pass without leaving the ground, are known as “free entry sides”, the other sides where the trucks wheels have to pass over the pallets bottom slats are termed “restricted entry sides”.

Pallet Design

Pallet design vary but they generally comprise some or all of the following components;

  • The Bearers provide the space between the top and bottom decks for entry of the forks.
  • The Deck is the top or bottom flat surface and can be either close or open boarded.
  • The Stringer is a horizontal member containing the bearers and supporting the deck.
  • Fork Entry is the space created to facillitate the entry of forks to pick up and move the pallet.
  • Wings are extensions of the deck to provide larger products to be stored on pallets. They are called wings because they protrude beyond the bearers.
  • A Chamfer is applied to the edges of the bottom deck to assist the passage of the wheels of a hand pallet truck.

Pallet Types

The most common pallet types are:

Two-way entry, single decked:

A pallet with only a top deck. Suitable for items that can withstand the concentrated loads imposed by the bearers during stacking, e.g, wooden boxes and drums. Also used where little stacking is required and for storing unit loads in pallet racking when the bearers are supported by the rack framework.

Four-way entry, cruciform perimeter base:

The cruciform design of the bottom slats adds to the strength of the pallet and improves load distribution when stacked. This is the most widely used type of four-way entry pallet. Other pallet designs are available to improve load distribution or work better with specialised handling equipment such as stacker cranes and pallet trucks. However, the majority of the pallets in use in the UK will conform to one of the two previous definitions.

Storing Pallets

85% of the pallets in use in the UK are 1200 x 1000mm. Many of these are stored in rack. 75% of the pallets stored in racking are stored with the 1000mm dimension front to back, or "1000 deep" as it is popularly known. SEMA regulations stipulate that when using a two-way pallet 1000 deep the frame depth should be 750mm. A 900mm frame depth is stipulated when using a four-way entry pallet.

So, when you are considering your storage system one of the first decisions you have to make is about pallets. What type are you going to be putting into the racking system? The answer to this question will dictate many of the features of your rack lay-out. In a future article we will look at clearances - how you create the right amount of space to move your pallets around your storage system without wasting space.
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ANCILLARIES
Contact Us

Apex Storage Limited  

Birmingham, Sheffield, Wigan

Tel:  0844 2577 250
Fax: 0844 2577 260 


All content is copyright of Apex Storage Limited design is by BinaryWebs.co.uk 

Quality

Apex Storage Systems are able to supply various pallet racking systems including the Apex racking system (manufactured in the UK by Apex Space Solutions Limited). 

All pallet racking products for sale on this web site are manufactured in the UK in accordance with the codes of practice in design and safety of SEMA (the UK Storage Equipment Manufacturers Association).




 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Here at www.apex-pallet-racking.co.uk we specialise in industrial storage equipment from heavy duty pallet racking to small parts storage systems. We are passionate about what we do and are fully committed to providing the right solution at the right price for each of our valued customers. You can buy racking on line at competitive prices by clicking on the BUY PALLET RACKING NOW link.
 
RACKING SYSTEMS - We offer many pallet racking systems including wide aisle racking, narrow aisle pallet racking, very narrow aisle racking, drive in racking, push back racking, pallet live storage and mobile pallet racking.
 
SHELVING SYSTEMS - We offer many shelving systems including industrial, long span (longspan), bolted, adjustable, regal 4000 shelving, carton live storage and mobile shelving.
 
Whatever your requirement we provide practical impartial advice to ensure you make the right purchase. We take great care in sourcing our products to enable us to offer you high quality systems from stock and suppliers such as Link 51, Dexion, Hi-Lo, Polypal, Planned, Redirack, SSI Schaefer, Linpac Storage Systems and Apex Space Solutions. Whether you are looking for pallet racking, shelving, mezzanine floors, small parts storage, racking repairs or a complete warehouse system you can be sure we will use the best products at our disposal.
 
Apex Storage Limited aim to develop and maintain excellent relationships with our customers to develop the right solution for each and every project - we aim for 100% customer satisfaction.
 
In addition to providing new systems Apex Storage Limited provide an excellent racking inspection service. Customers receive a detailed rack inspection report together with the rack inspection survey sheets clearly identifying rack damage and areas of concern. We also provide a racking repair service to compliment the rack inspections.
 
Apex Storage Ltd are in business to form long term working relationships, we are passionate about the products we sell and take great care and pride in the exceptional level of service we provide before and after the sale. If you have any questions or need more information on the pallet racking or shelving systems please contact us at info@apexss.co.uk or ring us on 0844 2577 250 as we are happy to help.
 
  Pallets and Pallet Types

Pallet Racking is designed to accommodate products of various shapes and sizes supported on pallets. The design of the pallet directly influences the design of the racking.

Pallets allow products to be moved mechanically; by FLT's (fork lift trucks, hand pallet trucks, stacker cranes and conveyor systems. The top face of the pallet can be open or close boarded with provision for forks created by either blocks or bearers. The gap created is generally around 110mm.

Generally pallets stored on racking have to be good quality pallets (GKN Chep or simillar) with a perimeter base. Poor quality (one way) pallets are usually not strong enought o support the product on pallet racking and either timber decks or pallet support bars are required.

Column Guards 

Apex Storage Limited provide a wide range of column guards. Column guards or rack protectors are commonly used to protect the pallet racking uprights which can be damaged by FLT's (fork lift trucks). We can offer protection to standard rack uprights using a variety of different column guards.

Our standard range of column guards are used for the protection of pallet racking uprights from impacts from FLT's or pallets. Impact damage to the rack upright can lead to critical component failure and at worst a rack collapse. 

Using our range of column guards provides protection to all standard pallet racking uprights. Select from our 2 or 3 sided column guards standard to heavy duty options. In addition to rack upright protection you can use our column protectors to protect mezzanine columns

End of Rack Barriers

End of rack barriers are designed to protect your investment from damage by fork lift trucks (FLT's). The level of protection varies depending on speed of operation and competence of FLT driverss.